There are several meanings of coaching, mentoring and several forms of training and management.
Managing is ensuring people do what they know how to do. Training is instructing people to do what they don’t know how to do. Mentoring is showing people how the people who are actually good at doing something do it. Counseling is aiding people come to terms with issues they are facing. Coaching is none of these – it is helping to recognize the skills and abilities that are within the person, and assisting them to use them to the best of their ability.
Professional coaching employs a variety of communication skills, like questioning, clarifying, targeted restatements, listening etc., to aid clienteles change their perspectives and thereby find alternative solutions to accomplish their goals. These skills are employed when coaching customers in any discipline. Essentially, coaching is a type of 'meta-profession' that is practical in supporting clienteles in any human activity, varying from their worries in personal, sport, family, professional, spiritual , social, political dimensions, etc.
Etymologically, the English name "coach" originates from a mode of transport that derives its roots to the Hungarian term kocsi denoting "carriage" that was termed after the village where it was first built. The initial use of the word coaching to refer to a trainer or instructor began around 1830 in Oxford University slang for an instructor who "carries" a student through an examination. Coaching usage in language thus explains the process utilized to transfer people from where they are, to where they desire to be. The initial utilization of the word in association to sports began in 1861.
Throughout history the development of coaching has been affected by numerous other disciplines of study involving those of personal growth, psychology (sports, organizational, clinical, developmental, social and industrial), adult education and other leadership or organizational theories and practices. Since the mid-1990s, coaching has grown into a more independent field and professional associations like the Association for Coaching, The International Coach Federation, and the European Coaching and Mentoring Council have aided advance a set of training standards. Janet Harvey, president of the International Coach Federation, was cited in a New York Times article about the developing practice of Life Coaching, in which she draws the advancement of coaching to the initial 1970s Human Potential Movement and accredited the trainings of Werner Erhard's "EST Training," the famous self-motivation workshops he invented and led in the '70s and initial '80s. Thomas J. Leonard who originated "Coach U", "International Coach Federation", "Coachville" and "International Association of Coaches" was an EST worker in the 1980s.
The facilitative approach to coaching in sport was invented by Timothy Gallwey; prior to this, sports coaching was (and still remains) singly a skills-based studying experience from an instructor in the sport. Other frameworks for coaching encompass life coaching, emotional intelligence coaching, executive coaching, and wealth coaching.
In the procedure of coaching, scientific understanding from the disciplines of neuroscience and psychology may be practical, yet frequently coaching dialogues are regarded as an art form, psychic reading.